Arviat is a traditional community located on the western shore of Hudson Bay. It is the most southern mainland community in Nunavut and is named after a nearby island that is shaped like a bowhead whale.
The area is home to a rich variety of wildlife including beluga whales, polar bears, and caribou. The nearby McConnell River Migratory Bird Sanctuary, one of the Ramsar designated Wetlands of International Importance, provides nesting habitat for hundreds of thousands of waterfowl.
A wide range of products can be purchased at local stores, and a visitor’s centre provides information on the rich Inuit history of the region and nearby attractions including fishing and whale watching.
Potential non-renewable resources in the region include: gold, diamonds, uranium, base metals, and nickel-copper platinum group elements (PGEs).
Population figures based on Statistics Canada 2006 Census